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How to study floriculture after higher secondary

By Dhrubaa Ghosh,

Flowers are not just beautiful; they can also make for a great career. Explore floriculture with us.

Floriculture is the farming, nurturing and management of flowering and ornamental plants.

Some people are born with green fingers. They love plants and somehow manage to create beauty even if small spaces and with limited resources. Today’s discussion is about a subject which would be attractive to students who love flowers to the extent that they want to spend their life growing them.  

What is floriculture?  
Floriculture is the farming, nurturing and management of flowering and ornamental plants that can be used as raw materials in the perfume industry, pharmaceutical sector, fresh market, and retail consumption, and plan flowers in a landscape. Due to rising demand, the career scope in the field of floriculture is also increasing. Demand for flowers like roses, gerbera, carnation, gladiolus, Orchids, and lily is increasing day by day. Cultivation of flowery plants are happening in open fields, in poly houses or in greenhouses. Crops grouped under floriculture are bedding plants, houseplants, flowering garden and pot plants, cut cultivated greens and cut flowers. 

What courses are available in floriculture after HS?  
 HS is the minimum eligibility required for floriculture. Certificate courses are part-time options for those who don’t want to study it as a college major. The duration of certificate programmes is of 6-12 months, ending in a Certificate in Floriculture or Certificate in Floriculture Technology. Full-time under graduate courses are BSc in Floriculture (3 years) and BSc in Floriculture and Landscape. These courses are available for 2 year's Masters courses too. These apart, there’s also the option of MSc in Floriculture Management.  

What are the eligibility criteria for studying floriculture?  
Anyone can take admission in the undergraduate courses after passing 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. The admissions happen on the basis of All India Entrance Examination or private entrance examinations conducted by universities. Admission to master’s course happens through All India Entrance Examination (AIEA) conducted by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR).  

What are the career options after studying floriculture?  
Floriculturists can start their career as floral designers, production managers, and sales representatives for florists, gardens and nurseries. Graduates and master degree holders can work in private and government sectors in pharmacy, wellness, beauty, landscaping, architecture, art and public works sectors.